Negotiators of the agreement stated that the INDCs presented at the time of the Paris conference were insufficient and found that „the estimates of aggregate greenhouse gas emissions in 2025 and 2030 resulting from the planned contributions at the national level are not covered by the least expensive scenarios of 2oC, but lead to a projected level of 55 gigatons in 2030.“ and acknowledges that „much greater efforts to reduce emissions will be needed to keep the increase in the global average temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius, by reducing emissions to 40 gigatonnes or 1.5 degrees Celsius.“  [Clarification needed] The President`s promise to renegotiate the international climate agreement has always been a smokescreen, the oil industry has a red telephone at the Ministry of the Interior , and will Trump bring food trucks to Old Faithful? The Paris Agreement reaffirms the obligations of industrialized countries to the UNFCCC; the COP`s decision attached to the agreement extends the target of $100 billion per year until 2025 and calls for a new target that, in addition, „extends over $100 billion a year.“ The agreement also broadens the donor base beyond developed countries by encouraging other countries to provide „voluntary“ support. China, for example, pledged $3 billion in 2015 to help other developing countries. As the atmosphere soared through the lobby, UN security forces evacuated the platform and senior officials from the Paris climate talks entered the podium. For two weeks, 196 countries locked themselves in countless meetings, fought for dense pages of text, and examined each semicolon. And they finally agreed. Laurent Fabius, the French foreign minister in charge of the exhausting talks, looked exhausted but delighted, took his clothes and knocked him down with a resounding breach. The Paris agreement was finally adopted. As host of the Cop26 talks, the UK is doubling its diplomatic efforts for next year`s conference. The French government has exercised full diplomatic power over Paris, asked its ambassadors in each country to make climate change its top priority, and sent ministers from around the world to support support. President Obama was able to formally enshrine the United States in the agreement through executive measures because he did not impose new legal obligations on the country. The United States already has a number of instruments on the books, under laws already passed by Congress to reduce carbon pollution. The country officially joined the agreement in September 2016, after submitting its request for participation. The Paris Agreement was only able to enter into force after the formal accession of at least 55 nations representing at least 55% of global emissions.
This happened on October 5, 2016 and the agreement came into force 30 days later, on November 4, 2016. Although the NDC of each contracting party is not legally binding, the contracting parties have a legal obligation to monitor their progress through expert technical reviews to assess performance towards the NDC and to find ways to strengthen ambitions.  Article 13 of the Paris Agreement establishes an „enhanced transparency framework for measures and support“ that sets harmonised monitoring, reporting and verification (LVR) requirements.