The civilian government of the colony was ruled by the same authoritarian spirit. Men like John Winthrop, the first governor of Massachusetts Bay, believed it was the duty of the governors of society not to act as direct representatives of their constituents, but to decide independently what measures are in the best interests of society as a whole. The original charter of 1629 transferred all power in the colony to a court composed only of a small number of the company`s shareholders. When they arrived in Massachusetts, many disenfrangerated settlers immediately protested against this provision and extended the franchise to all members of the church. These „men of freedom“ had the right to vote in court once a year for a governor and a council of assistants. Although the Charter of 1629 technically gave the court the power to rule on all matters relating to the colony, the members of the ruling elite initially refused to allow court bailiffs to participate in the trial on the grounds that their number would render the court ineffective. Puritans in the United States were great advocates of education. They wanted their children to be able to read the Bible themselves and interpret it themselves, instead of a pastor telling them what she says and thinks. As a result, one thinks for oneself what is the foundation of democracy.    During the crossing, Winthrop preached a sermon entitled „A Model of Christian Charity“ in which he told his disciples that they had made an alliance with God, according to which he would make them prosper if they maintained their commitment to God.
Their new colony would thus become a „city on a hill“, which means that they would be a model for all the nations of Europe, what a truly reformed Christian community should look like.  The Cambridge Platform describes the policy of congress as practiced by the Puritans in the 17th century. Each community was founded on an ecclesiastical union, a written agreement signed by all members, in which they declared themselves ready to respect the principles of the community, to be guided in their decision-making by Sola scriptura and to submit to ecclesiastical discipline. The right of each community to elect its own officers and manage its own affairs was respected.   Over time, as part of witchcraft and its participation in Puritan New England, different perspectives appear to contribute to what we know about this subject.